Capital of the Arkhangelsk Region
Arkhangelsk was founded on the order of Ivan the Terrible to facilitate trade of Muscovy with European countries.
The original name of the city was Novye Kholmogory. It was only called Arkhangelsk (Archangel) 30 years after its foundation. Previously here was the monastery of Archangel Michael (hence the name of the city), and a few villages in the Pomeranian.
Before the construction of St. Petersburg it was the centre of the foreign trade with the state and its only seaport. In 1708, Arkhangelsk was the capital of one of the eight provinces of Peter I and after the revolution of 1917 it became a regional centre.
Now Arkhangelsk is a cultural-historical capital of the coastal area and industrial centre, where the processing is well-developed.
Natives of Arkhangelsk include Stanley Cup winner and hockey player Dmitry Afanasenkov, weightlifter and winner of Athens 2004 Gleb Pisarevsky, swimmer and Olympic medalist Evgeny Lagunov, swimmer Irina Bespalov and shooter Leonid Ekimov.
In 1718, Peter I banned the export of grain and imports and goods through Archangelsk. Therefore he tried to organize the whole turnover through St. Petersburg.
Arkhangelsk sea-river station is depicted on the 500 rubles Russian banknote.
As other northern cities, Arkhangelsk is a town of white nights. They occur from May 17 to July 26, the sun is less than 6 (or 7) degrees below the horizon.So you can even read a newspaper.
It is accepted that Archangel is home to Mikhail Lomonosov, although he was born 90 km south-east of the city. Nevertheless, there is a monument to Lomonosov in Arkhangelsk and Lomonosov Avenue.
Arkhangelsk was and still is an important centre for the development of the Russian North. In 1932 an icebreaker "A.Sibiryakov" passed from Arkhangelsk through the whole Northern Sea Route in one trip.