• 92,000 (data from 2010)
  • 1499 year
  • 28 sq.km
  • 59° 34' N 30° 6' E

Regional centre in Leningrad Region

It is a historic town near St. Petersburg, and Gatchina centre is included in the list of World Heritage Sites.

Gatchina grange was bought for Grigory Orlov's companion, Catherine II. Later, the Empress gave it to her heir Paul I, who reconstructed the Orlov palace. Later, the architect Lvov built for Emperor Paul the Priory Palace, which became one of the symbols of Gatchina.

Gatchina was again at the centre of Russian politics in the late 19th century, when it was chosen as the residence of Emperor Alexander III. For his love of fishing in local ponds, the European press even called it the Emperor's "Gatchina recluse".

Gatchina is now not just a museum town, but a relatively town with great scientific and industrial potential.

Interesting Facts

Originally the site of Gatchina was the village of Khotchino. In the middle of the 17th century, was "Kh" replaced by "G". In Soviet times, the name of the city underwent renaming a number of times: from 1923 to 1929, Gatchina was called Trotsky, and from 1929 to 1944: Krasnogvardeysk.

The "Prussian" military step that is still reproduce by Russian soldiers on parade was first rehearsed in Russia on Gatchina square.

In 1881, for the first time in the Russian Empire, there was electric light in the streets of Gatchina.

At the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900, Gatchina was recognized as having the most well amenities of smaller cities of Russia. This title was confirmed at the end of the 20th century (in 1999), when it was the winner of the contest "The most well-appointed town in Russia" in the category "Towns with a population of up to 100,000 inhabitants".

Russia's first military airfield was built in Gatchina (1910), and the first Aeronautical School of the Russian Empire was here. The famous Nesterov "loop-the-loop" was first demonstrated at Gatchina airfield.

Gatchina is a town that has made a great contribution to the history of classical music. Composer Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov was born here, and classicistsMiliy Balakirev and Aleksandr Glazunov lived and worked here.

Classic Russian translator Mikhail Lozinskiy and living chess player Mikhail Chigorin lived in Gatchina.


Citizens from foreign countries taking part in the Sochi 2014 Olympic Torch Relay:

Lindemann Madsen Jorgen

Neilimo Kari Kullero

Steins Sandis

Tola Puertas Dalmacio

News and events

Gatchina received the Olympic Torch Relay
Gatchina, 26.10.2013 18:34
The Olympic Torch Relay was met in Gatchina, the Leningrad Region. The first torchbearer was the governor of the region Alexander Drozdenko.
Svetlana Zhurova will be a torchbearer for the Olympic Torch Relay
Gatchina, 03.09.2013 16:49
Just over one month remains before the start of the Sochi 2014 Olympic Torch Relay. The Olympic skating champion and Sochi 2014 Ambassador, Svetlana Zhurova, will be one of the event's participants.
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