• 327,000 (data from 2010)
  • 1371 year
  • 170.5 sq.km
  • 54° 32' N 36° 17' E

Capital of Kaluga Region


Originated as a fortress on the Oka river near the southern borders of Muscovy. The rapid development of Kaluga came at the end of the 18th century, and the city became the centre of Kaluga Province. Then came active stone building, and many brick factories appeared. One of the first theatres in Russia also originated in Kaluga.

Today, Kaluga and Kaluga Region has a high level of industrial and cultural development. Obninsk research town is located in Kaluga Region. Near Kaluga, in particular, is the Volkswagen plant, a technical partner of the Sochi Olympic Torch Relay in 2014.

Interesting Facts

Kaluga is known as the city where Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, inventor and cosmonautics theorist, lived and worked. Even in the modern coat of arms of the city, along with usual heraldic symbols, features the image of a satellite.

Located near Kaluga are Koltsovskie caves: a system of catacombs, very popular with speleologists.

During Soviet times, the whole country used matches produced in Kaluga. The price for one box of matches was one kopek. The production of matches in Kaluga was discontinued.

In Kaluga, the oldest Russian grandmaster and chess theorist Yury Averbakh was born.

One of the twin towns of Kaluga is Finnish winter resort Lahti, a popular place for international competitions in skiing and biathlon.

Citizens from foreign countries taking part in the Sochi 2014 Olympic Torch Relay:

Baumert Josef Johannes

Bexultanova Zhuldyz Bolotbekova

Davidova Katerina

Dresler Zdenek

Fabro Mykola Mykolayovych

Haase Frank

Hirsekorn Alexander

Hoffmann Jurgen Dieter

Jun Sung Ho

Kim Eduard Vissarionovich

Kim Sang Ho

Klar Andreas

Kober Julia

Kuzmin Roman Sergeevich

Leonhard Tatjana

Mehringer Thomas Ralf

Merschkotter, Dr. Bettina

Mommertz Joerg

Najman Lubomir

Osegowitsch Marcus

Park Cheol Yong

Stepanek Pavel

Sultangazin Almas Umirzakovich

Tardell Hans Hakan

News and events

Olympic Movement: Sochi 2014 Olympic Torch Relay enjoys stunning first week
Kaluga, Anadyr, Tula, 15.10.2013 19:58
The first week of the Sochi 2014 Olympic Torch Relay drew to a close on Sunday, following seven days of excited celebrations as the Olympic flame made its way from Moscow to Kaluga, cheered on by thousands of Olympic fans.
Governor Artamonov: The scale of the Relay in Kaluga is comparable with a visit of Yuri Gagarin
Kaluga, 14.10.2013 11:11
On Sunday the Kaluga region welcomed the Olympic Torch Relay of the Games-2014. The first station was the city of Yukhnov. 10 torchbearers carried the fire for two kilometers. After Yukhnov the flame arrived at Kaluga.
The Olympic flame crossed the waters of the Kaluga "sea"
Kaluga, 13.10.2013 21:30
The Olympic Torch Relay in Kaluga started on the sports arena "Annenki" at 16.30 on the 13th of October.
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