• 43,000 (data from 2010)
  • 1704 year
  • 19.35 sq.km 1
  • 60°00′00″ N 29°46′00″ E

Town in Leningrad Region

Kronstadt is a port city in the Gulf of Finland, a base for the Baltic navy. It was founded by Peter I the year after St. Petersburg. The planning and architecture of Kronstadt is strongly reminiscent of the development of St. Petersburg; there is even a Summer Garden in the city, a smaller version of the one in Petersburg. The historic downtown of Kronstadt is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Both at the time of the city's founding and now, Kronstadt has a large defensive significance. For its entire history, not one enemy ship has passed by Kronstadt.

Even now the city economy is closely tied to the port's needs. One of the cult personalities in sports history of the 20th century and the Olympic movement was born in Kronstadt. Here the basketball trainer Alexander Gomelsky - the legendary Papa - came into the world.

Interesting Facts

Even now the city economy is closely tied to the port's needs. One of the cult personalities in sports history of the 20th century and the Olympic movement was born in Kronstadt. Here the basketball trainer Alexander Gomelsky - the legendary Papa - came into the world.

Until 1983 the island Kotlin, where Kronstadt is located, could be accessed only by waterway. Then there was a vehicle passageway - a road was laid along the dam. Until 1996 Kronstadt was a closed city to visits by foreigners.

The military rulers of Kronstadt in various years were such famous individuals as sailor Faddey Bellingshausen, polar explorer Fyodor Litke and the developer of the semaphore alphabet Stepan Makarov. The only iron bridge in the world is in Kronstadt. Ship crews assigned to Kronstadt made 56 major geographical discoveries.

The Kronstadt sea gauge is located in the city - a reference point for measuring depth and height, as well as the orbit of satellite vehicles in the territory of the former USSR. One of the forts of Kronstadt, Alexander I, is now known as Chumnoy. At the beginning of the 20th century the original scientific research institute that sought a vaccine for infectious diseases, primarily the plague (Tr. note: "chum" in Russian), was situated here.

Famous physicist Nobel Prize winner Pyotr Kapitsa was born in Kronstadt. This port on the Baltic is the birthplace of poet Nikolay Gumilev. One of the points of interest of Kronstadt is the railroad, a gift from Saint Petersburg for its city protector.

Kronstadt is the home of several discoveries and innovations of its era. In 1883 the first diving school in the world was established in Kronstadt.

Here the first ice boat in the world was built, and it was here that anesthesia was first used in Russia for an operation. In Kronstadt Alexander Popov tested long-distance radio communication. (Two ships were connected by radio).