District center of Tyumen Region
It was the first capital of Siberia, and the city played a huge role in the development of the eastern lands of Russia.
Historically, Tobolsk was the second Russian town in Siberia (after Tyumen), but that it was considered the capital of Siberia. It was sometimes called the "city of Siberia". In 1708, this status was officially assigned and Tobolsk became the capital of the Siberian province. After the revolution, the city lost its importance, and Tyumen had priority in the region. However, Tobolsk is one of the most remarkable cities in Siberia, and is visited by tourists. It is a place associated with the names of famous historical figures of Russia.
Tobolsk is directly related to the most impressive moments in the history of national sport. Nikolay Nikitin, chief architect of the Olympics-80 arena and Moscow Luzhniki stadium, is a native of Tobolsk. Olympic champions biathlonist Aleksandr Popov and boxer Ruslan Chakhkiev were also born here.
Siberia has long been used as a place of exile. Interestingly, the first exile to this place was not a person, but the bell of the town of Uglich. It was punished for the signal to revolt after the strange death of the son of Ivan the Terrible, Prince Dmitry. The bell was only "amnestied" in the middle of the 19th century.
At various times Fyodor Dostoevsky, Vladimir Korolenko and Alexander Solzhenitsyn visited Tobolsk. Tobolsk Kremlin is the only stone kremlin in Siberia.
Since 1789, the first literary magazine in Siberia with the very convoluted name "Irtysh turning into Ipokren" began to be published in Tobolsk. The first male grammar school in Siberia appeared in Tobolsk. The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe is set in Tobolsk.
Tobolsk is where the famous song "Evening Bells" by Aleksandr Alyabiev was written. Alyabyev was born in Tobolsk.
In addition, chemist Dmitri Mendeleev, artist Vasily Perov, actress Lydia Smirnova, and the current president of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yury Osipov were born in Tobolsk.
Nikolay Nikitin, not only designed the Luzhniki stadium, but also Ostankino TV tower in Moscow. Interestingly, he also designed the television tower in his hometown.
The main souvenir from Tobolsk since 17th century has been carvings made of bone.
- tobolsk.info: Olympic Torch Relay in Tobolsk made a dream come true
Tobolsk, 12.12.2013 13:58For one day Tobolsk became the capital of the Olympic Torch Relay. After the start of the first torchbearer the mood of Tobolsk citizens and participants and spectators became higher even more.
- Tobolsk welcomed the Sochi 2014 Olympic Torch Relay
Tobolsk, 12.12.2013 10:21The torch relay of the XXII Olympic Winter Games in 2014 ended in the Tyumen region when the last torchbearer, mayor of Tobolsk Vladimir Mazur came to the finish with a torch in the landscape park of the Tobolsk Kremlin.