Capital of Leningrad Region
It is the second largest city in the Russian Federation, the former capital of the country, and one of the most beautiful places on Earth.
Founded by Peter the Great as a "window to Europe", nine years after the founding of the city on the Neva, it became the capital of the country. Over the next few decades, Moscow become one of the most shining of European cities.
For two centuries, the capital of the Russian state, Petersburg was the most populated city in the country. All European and world innovations, appeared in the city on the Gulf of Finland. From the 19th century, the city became a leader in the technological development of the country, and was home to the largest production of the empire. In 1918, the main city of the country again became Moscow, and the city on the Neva earned the informal status of "cultural capital".
Now St. Petersburg is the main object of cultural tourism. The historic city center and its main monuments are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
"The city on the Neva" is also notable phenomenon on the sports map of the country. The local Zenith team has for several years been the leading team in Russia, and in 2008 won the UEFA Cup. One of the leading teams in KHL is St. Petersburg SKA. In total, during the Olympic Games athletes from the northern capital of Russia have won 115 gold medals. Natives of the city include such world sports stars as swimmer Vladimir Salnikov, runner Vladimir Kuts, figure skaters Elena Berezhnaya and Aleksey Yagudin, boxer Nikolai Valuev, footballer Andrey Arshavin and many other famous athletes.
St. Petersburg is the northernmost city in the world with a population of over one million. In addition, this is the top city (by population) in Europe, that is not a capital. Contrary to popular belief, the city is not named in honor of Peter the Great, but in honor of its patron saint, St. Peter.
The city was renamed several times. In 1914 it was renamed Petrograd, and from 1924 to 1991, was called Leningrad. St. Petersburg is included in the Guinness World Records as the city with the world's longest tram network: over 600 km.
The local underground is the deepest in the world. The average depth is 70-80 meters. The Hermitage collection contains more than 3 million exhibits. It is estimated that if you look at each of them for a minute, then it will take 8 years to see the museum.
The share of rivers and canals in the total area ofthe city is 10%, which gave rise to call St. Petersburg the Venice of the North. The first museum in Russia (Kunstkammer), public theater, public library, first railway (branch at Tsarskoye Selo), and first street lighting (1879) appeared in St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg has a rich tradition in sport. Few know that the first Russian school of figure skating appeared in Yusupov Garden in the city in 1865. Russia's first indoor swimming pool appeared in St. Petersburg in 1912.
St. Petersburg's monument to Nicholas I by Klodt is the only equestrian statue in the world with only two points of support.
Trinity Bridge in St. Petersburg was designed by Frenchman Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the famous tower in Paris. According to legend, Valery Chkalov flew the span of the bridge.
Citizens from foreign countries taking part in the Paralympic Torch Relay in Saint-Petersburg:
- Sochi Paralympic Flame Lit in St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, 01.03.2014 15:29The flame for the Sochi Paralympics was lit Saturday during a ceremony in St. Petersburg.
- The Paralympic Torch Relay will be held in St. Petersburg on March 1
St. Petersburg, 20.02.2014 17:22St. Petersburg will host the Paralympic Torch Relay on March 1. Today Vice Governor Vasily Kichedzhi discussed the preparation for the relay in the Committee of Physical Education and Sport.